106 Facts About Mumbai City
66% of the sales tax revenue in Maharashtra originated in Mumbai.
A large arch-like structure, the Gateway of India, is the first thing people see when they reach Mumbai by water. It is often the first part of India that is seen as well.
At the end of financial year 2002-03, Mumbai paid Rs 28,000 crore in taxes, 35% of India's collection of Rs 82,000 crore!
Auto rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis are allowed to operate throughout Mumbai, but generally operate in South Mumbai.
Bombay University was founded in 1857 at the Town Hall, and was shifted to the new complex near Oval Maidan in 1874.
Bombay was renamed Mumbai in 1996.
Bombay's highest population growth rate was between 1661 and 1675 when it rose six times from 10,000 to 60,000.
Every day, close to 6.5 million passengers — roughly equivalent to Ireland’s population — use Mumbai’s suburban railway network. About 4,500 passengers cram into a nine-car train meant for 1,700 people, making it a truly cattle-class experience. That works out to about 16 people per square metre of the train.
Former English cricket captain Douglas Jardine of Bodyline fame was born in Malabar Hill, Mumbai, in 1900.
GDP per Capita in Mumbai is $10,595.
India Dialing Code is +91 and for Mumbai is 022 (dial an extra 2 before making a local call).
India’s first cricket club, Orient, was founded in Bombay in 1848.
It took 60 years to merge the seven islands of Bombay into one landmass between 1784 and 1845.
Key Industries in Mumbai are Banking & Share Trading, Port & Shipping, Entertainment & Film Making, Textile, Engineering, Diamond Polishing, Health Care, Printing, Publishing, Plastic & Petroleum Refining.
Lord Elphinstone performed the opening ceremony after railway tracks were laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853.
Major Exports in Mumbai are Textile goods, Gems and Jewelry, Engineering goods, Chemicals & Leather products.
Major Foreign Exchange Counters are Western Union, American Express Foreign Exchange branches & Thomas Cook.
Marathi, Hindi and English are the main languages.
More than half the city resides in slums; in 1970 one in six Mumbai residents lived in slums.
Mumbai accounts for a significant share in deposits mobilization (14% of total deposits) and deployment of credit (21% of total credit) of scheduled commercial banks.
Mumbai accounts for almost 30% of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the State.
Mumbai contributes 30% of customs duty.
Mumbai had about 1.53 million vehicles in 2008, 56,459 black and yellow taxis, and 102,224 auto rickshaws, as of 2005.
Mumbai handles 26% of the domestic air traffic cargo and an average of40%of the international air cargo traffic in country and about 25% of the domestic and 38% of the International air passenger traffic in the country.
Mumbai handles over 35% of cheque clearances in number and 60% in value, more than 10 times that of any other metro.
Mumbai has the highest GDP of any city in South, West or Central Asia.
Mumbai industrialist Jamshetji Tata was the first Indian to own a car.
Mumbai is also home to Asia's largest slum, Dharavi, where more than one million people live.
Mumbai is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west.
Mumbai is built on what was once an archipelago of seven islands: Bombay Island, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Old Woman's Island (also known as Little Colaba).
Mumbai is home to both the National Stock Exchange and the Bombay Stock Exchange and dominated the turnover and total market capitalization of the Indian stock markets. The share of these two exchanges is about 92% with respect to the total turnover. They represent virtually the total market capitalization of India's corporate sector.
Mumbai is the capital of the state of Maharashtra.
Mumbai is the commercial center of India and is home to the biggest stock exchange in the country.
Mumbai is the world’s most populous city with 29,650 people living per sq. km, according to the United Nations’ State of World Population 2007 report.
Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. It sits on Salsette Island, partially shared with the Thane district.
Mumbai orginally was a cluster of seven separate islands, and the southernmost island was called Old Woman’s Island.
Mumbai ranks 58 amongst 75 Top Financial centres in the world.
Mumbai singlehandedly handles about 25% of the domestic and 38% of the international air passenger traffic in the country.
Mumbai’s first ever meteorological observatory was built in Colaba in 1826.
Mumbai’s population of 13 million people is greater than those of the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Oman put together.
Mumbai's Bollywood is the second-largest film producing state in the world.
Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji international airport is a main gateway to India. Travel time from the airport to the city is about one hour, but during peak hours, it can take at least two.
Mumbai's important phone numbers are Fire department (101), Police (100), Local directory assistance (197) and Mumbai Infoline 69999999.
Mumbai's literacy rate is 85.6% (female: 82.7%, male: 90%) compared with India's overall literacy of 65.4%.
Mumbai's per capita income is Rs 48,954. This is almost three times the national average!
Mumbai's suburban rail systems carry a total of 2.2 billion passengers every year. Incidentally, the world's population is 6 billion.
Nobel Laureate Rudyard Kipling who wrote Kim and The Jungle Book was born in Mumbai.
North Mumbai is more of an area for technology. The area grew because of its population increase. It was never part of Mumbai but today has about the same landscape as South Mumbai.
Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black and yellow metered taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries.
South Mumbai is known as the elite district and is called "Town." The stock market, luxury hotels and high rises make up this area with its many wealthy residents.
Suburban railway and BEST bus services together accounted for about 88% of the passenger traffic in 2008.
Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas, and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport.
The 2nd governor of Bombay, Gerald Aungier, was behind its development into a major centre of commerce.
The city's first church - the St Thomas Cathedral - was built at Horniman Circle in 1718.
The East India Company appointed Sir George Oxenden the first governor of Bombay in 1668.
The Elphinstone College was originally built for the Government Central Press at a cost of Rs 7.5 lakh.
The first inter-city railway was built between Bombay and Surat, and was completed in 1864.
The first post office in Bombay was opened in 1832 at the residence of the junior magistrate of police at Byculla.
The Great Indian Peninsular Railway laid the first rail tracks in India between Thane and Bombay.
The Hanging Gardens at Malabar Hill was built over three reservoirs which can store up to 300 lakh gallons of water.
The Lumiere brothers introduced Motion Pictures to India with six soundless short films at Bombay’s Watson’s Hotel in 1896.
The main languages of the city are Marathi, Hindi and English.
The name Bombay was derived from Bom Bahia (The Good Bay), a name given by Portuguese sailor Francis Almeida, in 1508.
The name Mumbai derives from the name of the goddess Mumbadevi, who was worshipped by the original citizens of Mumbai.
The name Mumbai is an eponym, derived from Mumba or Maha-Amba—the name of the Koli goddess Mumbadevi—and Aai, "mother" in the language of Marathi.
The Northern part of the city is primarily made up of residential suburbs and the Southern part is called Town, and has most of the administrative offices and commercial enterprises.
The number of telephone connection in Mumbai is estimated to be approximately 2.31 million. Of the approximately 7 million cellular subscribers in India, 10% of the subscribers are believed to be in Mumbai.
The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used.
The original Walkeshwar Temple was destroyed by the Portuguese, but was rebuilt by Rama Kamath in 1715.
THE population of Mumbai is an astonishing 18 million, and is estimated to reach 28.5 million by 2020.
The Portuguese offered Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) as part of dowry to King Charles II of England, on his wedding to Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal in 1661.
The Quit India Movement was launched by Gandhiji in Mumbai in 1942 from Gowalia Tank. It is now called August Kranti Maidan.
The railway line from Mumbai to Pune through Bhor Ghat was built by a woman named Alice Tredwell in 1863.
The railway tracks of the Churchgate Station originally extended beyond Azad Maidan in the direction of Afghan Church, which was later changed to a tar road.
The Stearns & Kittredge company was given permission in 1874 to start Bombay's first tram service with a fleet of 900 horses.
The total area of Mumbai is 440 square kilometres or 170 square miles.
The wooden pole in the centre of the Banganga Tank in Mumbai signifies the centre of the earth. Legend has it that Lord Ram created the tank by piercing the earth with his arrow.
There are 14 platforms inside the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, earlier called Victoria Terminus.
There is an original portrait of former US President Abraham Lincoln at the Prince of Wales Museum.
This magnificent city comprising seven islands, overlooks the Arabian Sea and is located on the Western coast of India.
Time Zone in Mumbai is GMT+5.30.
Two-thirds of the city’s population lives on just five per cent of the city’s land.
Until 1864, the city's highest ranking police officer was called Police Chief. Post 1864, the title was changed to Police Commissioner.
When a person travel towards Mumbai,one can see milestone stating Mumbai 35 Kms, but where is Mumbai Zero Kms, it is at Flora Fountain.
Funny and Odd Facts about Mumbai
Being truly alone makes you nervous in Mumbai.
Bombay has no bombs and is a harbour not a bay.
Cabbies and bus conductors think you are from Mars if you call the roads by their Indian name, they are more familiar with Warden Road, Peddar Road, Altamount Road.
Churchgate has neither a church nor a gate. It is a railway station.
Hookers, beggars and the homeless are invisible in Mumbai.
Lalbaag is neither red nor a garden.
Lower Parel is at the same level as Parel.
No king ever stayed at Kings Circle.
Nor did Queen Victoria stay at Victoria Terminus.
Nor is there any princess at Princess Street.
Only in Mumbai, you would get Chinese Dosa and Jain Chicken.
Rs 500 worth of groceries fit in one paper bag in Mumbai.
Stock market quotes are the only other things besides cricket which you follow passionately in Mumbai.
The first thing that you read in the Times of India is the " Bombay Times" supplement.
In Mumbai, the most frequently used part of your car is the horn.
There are no marines or sailors at Marine Lines.
There is no darkness in Andheri.
Train timings (9.27, 10.49 etc) are really important events of life in Mumbai.
You call an 8' x 10' clustered room a Hall in Mumbai.
You compare Bombay to New York 's Manhattan instead of any other cities of India.
You consider eye contact an act of overt aggression in Mumbai.
You have the following sets of friend: school friends, college friends, neighborhood friends, office friends and yes, train friends, a species unique only in Bombay.
You insist on calling CST as VT, and Sahar and Santacruz airports instead of Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
You love wading through knee deep mucky water in the monsoons, and actually call it ''romantic'.
In Mumbai, you say "town " and expect everyone to know that this means south of Churchgate.
In Mumbai, you speak in a dialect of Hindi called 'Bambaiya Hindi', which only Bombayites can understand.
In Mumbai, you spend more time each month traveling than you spend at home.
In Mumbai, you take fashion seriously.
In Mumbai, your door has more than three locks.
In Mumbai, your idea of personal space is no one actually standing on your toes.
In Mumbai, you're paying Rs 10,000 for a 1 room flat, the size of walk-in closet and you think it's a "steal."
In Mumbai, you're suspicious of strangers who are actually nice to you.